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Heinkel He 111

The Heinkel He 111 was the primary Luftwaffe medium bomber during the early stages of World War II, and is perhaps the most famous symbol of the German side of the Battle of Britain. Developed from a pre-war airliner design, the He 111 was phased out of front line service in 1942, but remained in production until the end of the war.

This German four/five-seat bomber and torpedo dropper was in service from 1937-45 (Spain until 1965). Designed by the Günter brothers, who liked curving elliptical wings and tails, the Heinkel He 111 made a name for itself in 1935 as a civil airliner, and later as a bomber that gained world records for high speed while carrying a heavy load.

In 1938 the first mass-production versions, the four-seat Heinkel He 111E and F, did very well in the Spanish Civil War, dropping heavy bomb loads and proving too fast for Republican fighters to catch easily. Thus the three hand-held machine guns carried by these aircraft appeared adequate.

Heinkel He 111P-2
Heinkel He 111P-2