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During World War II, the German Air Force, also known as the Luftwaffe, had a variety of different types. These german aircraft included fighters, bombers, reconnaissance planes, transport planes, and gliders. Some of the most famous models were the Messerschmitt Bf 109, the Focke-Wulf Fw 190, the Junkers Ju 87 Stuka, and the Heinkel He 111. The Luftwaffe played a crucial role in the German war effort, but suffered heavy losses from Allied air superiority and strategic bombing.