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During World War II, British aircraft played a vital role in defending the United Kingdom from aerial attacks, conducting bombing raids over enemy territory, and supporting Allied ground forces. Some of the most famous British aircraft of the war include the Supermarine Spitfire, the Hawker Hurricane, the de Havilland Mosquito, and the Avro Lancaster. 

These aircraft were designed with advanced features such as metal construction, retractable landing gear, variable-pitch propellers, and powerful engines. They also had distinctive shapes and markings that made them recognizable to friend and foe alike. British aircraft were used by the Royal Air Force (RAF), the Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm (FAA), the Army Air Corps (AAC), and the British Overseas Airways Corporation (BOAC).